statsmodels.tsa.statespace.varmax.VARMAXResults.t_test

VARMAXResults.t_test(r_matrix, cov_p=None, scale=None, use_t=None)

Compute a t-test for a each linear hypothesis of the form Rb = q

Parameters:
  • r_matrix (array-like, str, tuple) –
    • array : If an array is given, a p x k 2d array or length k 1d array specifying the linear restrictions. It is assumed that the linear combination is equal to zero.
    • str : The full hypotheses to test can be given as a string. See the examples.
    • tuple : A tuple of arrays in the form (R, q). If q is given, can be either a scalar or a length p row vector.
  • cov_p (array-like, optional) – An alternative estimate for the parameter covariance matrix. If None is given, self.normalized_cov_params is used.
  • scale (float, optional) – An optional scale to use. Default is the scale specified by the model fit.
  • use_t (bool, optional) – If use_t is None, then the default of the model is used. If use_t is True, then the p-values are based on the t distribution. If use_t is False, then the p-values are based on the normal distribution.
Returns:

res – The results for the test are attributes of this results instance. The available results have the same elements as the parameter table in summary().

Return type:

ContrastResults instance

Examples

>>> import numpy as np
>>> import statsmodels.api as sm
>>> data = sm.datasets.longley.load(as_pandas=False)
>>> data.exog = sm.add_constant(data.exog)
>>> results = sm.OLS(data.endog, data.exog).fit()
>>> r = np.zeros_like(results.params)
>>> r[5:] = [1,-1]
>>> print(r)
[ 0.  0.  0.  0.  0.  1. -1.]

r tests that the coefficients on the 5th and 6th independent variable are the same.

>>> T_test = results.t_test(r)
>>> print(T_test)
                             Test for Constraints
==============================================================================
                 coef    std err          t      P>|t|      [0.025      0.975]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c0         -1829.2026    455.391     -4.017      0.003   -2859.368    -799.037
==============================================================================
>>> T_test.effect
-1829.2025687192481
>>> T_test.sd
455.39079425193762
>>> T_test.tvalue
-4.0167754636411717
>>> T_test.pvalue
0.0015163772380899498

Alternatively, you can specify the hypothesis tests using a string

>>> from statsmodels.formula.api import ols
>>> dta = sm.datasets.longley.load_pandas().data
>>> formula = 'TOTEMP ~ GNPDEFL + GNP + UNEMP + ARMED + POP + YEAR'
>>> results = ols(formula, dta).fit()
>>> hypotheses = 'GNPDEFL = GNP, UNEMP = 2, YEAR/1829 = 1'
>>> t_test = results.t_test(hypotheses)
>>> print(t_test)
                             Test for Constraints
==============================================================================
                 coef    std err          t      P>|t|      [0.025      0.975]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c0            15.0977     84.937      0.178      0.863    -177.042     207.238
c1            -2.0202      0.488     -8.231      0.000      -3.125      -0.915
c2             1.0001      0.249      0.000      1.000       0.437       1.563
==============================================================================

See also

tvalues
individual t statistics
f_test
for F tests

patsy.DesignInfo.linear_constraint