statsmodels.stats.correlation_tools.kernel_covariance¶

statsmodels.stats.correlation_tools.kernel_covariance(exog, loc, groups, kernel=None, bw=None)[source]

Use kernel averaging to estimate a multivariate covariance function.

The goal is to estimate a covariance function C(x, y) = cov(Z(x), Z(y)) where x, y are vectors in R^p (e.g. representing locations in time or space), and Z(.) represents a multivariate process on R^p.

The data used for estimation can be observed at arbitrary values of the position vector, and there can be multiple independent observations from the process.

Parameters
exogarray-like

The rows of exog are realizations of the process obtained at specified points.

locarray-like

The rows of loc are the locations (e.g. in space or time) at which the rows of exog are observed.

groupsarray-like

The values of groups are labels for distinct independent copies of the process.

kernelMultivariateKernel instance, optional

An instance of MultivariateKernel, defaults to GaussianMultivariateKernel.

bwarray-like or scalar

A bandwidth vector, or bandwith multiplier. If a 1d array, it contains kernel bandwidths for each component of the process, and must have length equal to the number of columns of exog. If a scalar, bw is a bandwidth multiplier used to adjust the default bandwidth; if None, a default bandwidth is used.

Returns
A real-valued function C(x, y) that returns an estimate of the covariance
between values of the process located at x and y.

References

1

Genton M, W Kleiber (2015). Cross covariance functions for multivariate geostatics. Statistical Science 30(2). https://arxiv.org/pdf/1507.08017.pdf