, prepend=True, has_constant='skip')[source]

Adds a column of ones to an array

  • data (array-like) – data is the column-ordered design matrix
  • prepend (bool) – If true, the constant is in the first column. Else the constant is appended (last column).
  • has_constant (str {'raise', 'add', 'skip'}) – Behavior if data already has a constant. The default will return data without adding another constant. If ‘raise’, will raise an error if a constant is present. Using ‘add’ will duplicate the constant, if one is present.

data – The original values with a constant (column of ones) as the first or last column. Returned value depends on input type.

Return type:

array, recarray or DataFrame


When the input is recarray or a pandas Series or DataFrame, the added column’s name is ‘const’.