class statsmodels.regression.linear_model.GLSAR(endog, exog=None, rho=1, missing='none', **kwargs)[source]

A regression model with an AR(p) covariance structure.


endog : array-like

1-d endogenous response variable. The dependent variable.

exog : array-like

A nobs x k array where nobs is the number of observations and k is the number of regressors. An intercept is not included by default and should be added by the user. See

rho : int

Order of the autoregressive covariance

missing : str

Available options are ‘none’, ‘drop’, and ‘raise’. If ‘none’, no nan checking is done. If ‘drop’, any observations with nans are dropped. If ‘raise’, an error is raised. Default is ‘none.’

hasconst : None or bool

Indicates whether the RHS includes a user-supplied constant. If True, a constant is not checked for and k_constant is set to 1 and all result statistics are calculated as if a constant is present. If False, a constant is not checked for and k_constant is set to 0.


GLSAR is considered to be experimental. The linear autoregressive process of order p–AR(p)–is defined as: TODO


>>> import statsmodels.api as sm
>>> X = range(1,8)
>>> X = sm.add_constant(X)
>>> Y = [1,3,4,5,8,10,9]
>>> model = sm.GLSAR(Y, X, rho=2)
>>> for i in range(6):
...     results =
...     print("AR coefficients: {0}".format(model.rho))
...     rho, sigma = sm.regression.yule_walker(results.resid,
...                                            order=model.order)
...     model = sm.GLSAR(Y, X, rho)
AR coefficients: [ 0.  0.]
AR coefficients: [-0.52571491 -0.84496178]
AR coefficients: [-0.6104153  -0.86656458]
AR coefficients: [-0.60439494 -0.857867  ]
AR coefficients: [-0.6048218  -0.85846157]
AR coefficients: [-0.60479146 -0.85841922]
>>> results.params
array([-0.66661205,  1.60850853])
>>> results.tvalues
array([ -2.10304127,  21.8047269 ])
>>> print(results.t_test([1, 0]))
<T test: effect=array([-0.66661205]), sd=array([[ 0.31697526]]), t=array([[-2.10304127]]), p=array([[ 0.06309969]]), df_denom=3>
>>> print(results.f_test(np.identity(2)))
<F test: F=array([[ 1815.23061844]]), p=[[ 0.00002372]], df_denom=3, df_num=2>

Or, equivalently

>>> model2 = sm.GLSAR(Y, X, rho=2)
>>> res = model2.iterative_fit(maxiter=6)
>>> model2.rho
array([-0.60479146, -0.85841922])


fit([method, cov_type, cov_kwds, use_t]) Full fit of the model.
fit_regularized([method, maxiter, alpha, ...]) Return a regularized fit to a linear regression model.
iterative_fit([maxiter]) Perform an iterative two-stage procedure to estimate a GLS model.
loglike(params) Returns the value of the Gaussian log-likelihood function at params.
predict(params[, exog]) Return linear predicted values from a design matrix.
whiten(X) Whiten a series of columns according to an AR(p) covariance structure.


df_model The model degree of freedom, defined as the rank of the regressor matrix minus 1 if a constant is included.
df_resid The residual degree of freedom, defined as the number of observations minus the rank of the regressor matrix.