statsmodels.stats.rates.power_equivalence_poisson_2indep

statsmodels.stats.rates.power_equivalence_poisson_2indep(rate1, rate2, nobs1, low, upp, nobs_ratio=1, exposure=1, alpha=0.05, dispersion=1, method_var='alt', return_results=False)[source]

Power of equivalence test of ratio of 2 independent poisson rates.

Parameters:
rate1float

Poisson rate for the first sample, treatment group, under the alternative hypothesis.

rate2float

Poisson rate for the second sample, reference group, under the alternative hypothesis.

nobs1float or int

Number of observations in sample 1.

lowfloat

Lower equivalence margin for the rate ratio, rate1 / rate2.

uppfloat

Upper equivalence margin for the rate ratio, rate1 / rate2.

nobs_ratiofloat

Sample size ratio, nobs2 = nobs_ratio * nobs1.

exposurefloat

Exposure for each observation. Total exposure is nobs1 * exposure and nobs2 * exposure.

alphafloat in interval (0,1)

Significance level, e.g. 0.05, is the probability of a type I error, that is wrong rejections if the Null Hypothesis is true.

valuefloat

Difference between rates 1 and 2 under the null hypothesis.

method_var{“score”, “alt”}

The variance of the test statistic for the null hypothesis given the rates uder the alternative, can be either equal to the rates under the alternative method_var="alt", or estimated under the constrained of the null hypothesis, method_var="score".

alternativestr, ‘two-sided’ (default), ‘larger’, ‘smaller’

Alternative hypothesis whether the power is calculated for a two-sided (default) or one sided test. The one-sided test can be either ‘larger’, ‘smaller’.

return_resultsbool

If true, then a results instance with extra information is returned, otherwise only the computed power is returned.

Returns:
resultsresults instance or float

If return_results is False, then only the power is returned. If return_results is True, then a results instance with the information in attributes is returned.

powerfloat

Power of the test, e.g. 0.8, is one minus the probability of a type II error. Power is the probability that the test correctly rejects the Null Hypothesis if the Alternative Hypothesis is true.

Other attributes in results instance include :

std_null

standard error of difference under the null hypothesis (without sqrt(nobs1))

std_alt

standard error of difference under the alternative hypothesis (without sqrt(nobs1))

References

[1]

Zhu, Haiyuan. 2017. “Sample Size Calculation for Comparing Two Poisson or Negative Binomial Rates in Noninferiority or Equivalence Trials.” Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research, March. https://doi.org/10.1080/19466315.2016.1225594

[2]

Zhu, Haiyuan, and Hassan Lakkis. 2014. “Sample Size Calculation for Comparing Two Negative Binomial Rates.” Statistics in Medicine 33 (3): 376–87. https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.5947.

[3]

PASS documentation


Last update: May 14, 2024