# statsmodels.multivariate.manova.MANOVA.mv_test¶

MANOVA.mv_test(hypotheses=`None`, skip_intercept_test=`False`)[source]

Linear hypotheses testing

Parameters:
hypotheses
Hypothesis `L*B*M = C` to be tested where B is the parameters in
regression Y = X*B. Each element is a tuple of length 2, 3, or 4:
• (name, contrast_L)

• (name, contrast_L, transform_M)

• (name, contrast_L, transform_M, constant_C)

containing a string `name`, the contrast matrix L, the transform
matrix M (for transforming dependent variables), and right-hand side
constant matrix constant_C, respectively.
contrast_L2D `array` or `an` `array` `of` `strings`

Left-hand side contrast matrix for hypotheses testing. If 2D array, each row is an hypotheses and each column is an independent variable. At least 1 row (1 by k_exog, the number of independent variables) is required. If an array of strings, it will be passed to patsy.DesignInfo().linear_constraint.

transform_M2D `array` or `an` `array` `of` `strings` or `None`, `optional`

Left hand side transform matrix. If None or left out, it is set to a k_endog by k_endog identity matrix (i.e. do not transform y matrix). If an array of strings, it will be passed to patsy.DesignInfo().linear_constraint.

constant_C2D `array` or `None`, `optional`

Right-hand side constant matrix. if None or left out it is set to a matrix of zeros Must has the same number of rows as contrast_L and the same number of columns as transform_M

If `hypotheses` is None: 1) the effect of each independent variable
on the dependent variables will be tested. Or 2) if model is created
using a formula, `hypotheses` will be created according to
`design_info`. 1) and 2) is equivalent if no additional variables
are created by the formula (e.g. dummy variables for categorical
variables and interaction terms)
skip_intercept_testbool

If true, then testing the intercept is skipped, the model is not changed. Note: If a term has a numerically insignificant effect, then an exception because of emtpy arrays may be raised. This can happen for the intercept if the data has been demeaned.

Returns:
results: `MultivariateTestResults`

Notes

Testing the linear hypotheses

L * params * M = 0

where params is the regression coefficient matrix for the linear model y = x * params

If the model is not specified using the formula interfact, then the hypotheses test each included exogenous variable, one at a time. In most applications with categorical variables, the `from_formula` interface should be preferred when specifying a model since it provides knowledge about the model when specifying the hypotheses.

Last update: May 05, 2023