statsmodels.regression.linear_model.OLSResults.compare_lr_test

OLSResults.compare_lr_test(restricted, large_sample=False)

Likelihood ratio test to test whether restricted model is correct.

Parameters:
restrictedResult instance

The restricted model is assumed to be nested in the current model. The result instance of the restricted model is required to have two attributes, residual sum of squares, ssr, residual degrees of freedom, df_resid.

large_samplebool

Flag indicating whether to use a heteroskedasticity robust version of the LR test, which is a modified LM test.

Returns:
lr_statfloat

The likelihood ratio which is chisquare distributed with df_diff degrees of freedom.

p_valuefloat

The p-value of the test statistic.

df_diffint

The degrees of freedom of the restriction, i.e. difference in df between models.

Notes

The exact likelihood ratio is valid for homoskedastic data, and is defined as

\[D=-2\log\left(\frac{\mathcal{L}_{null}} {\mathcal{L}_{alternative}}\right)\]

where \(\mathcal{L}\) is the likelihood of the model. With \(D\) distributed as chisquare with df equal to difference in number of parameters or equivalently difference in residual degrees of freedom.

The large sample version of the likelihood ratio is defined as

\[D=n s^{\prime}S^{-1}s\]

where \(s=n^{-1}\sum_{i=1}^{n} s_{i}\)

\[s_{i} = x_{i,alternative} \epsilon_{i,null}\]

is the average score of the model evaluated using the residuals from null model and the regressors from the alternative model and \(S\) is the covariance of the scores, \(s_{i}\). The covariance of the scores is estimated using the same estimator as in the alternative model.

This test compares the loglikelihood of the two models. This may not be a valid test, if there is unspecified heteroscedasticity or correlation. This method will issue a warning if this is detected but still return the results without taking unspecified heteroscedasticity or correlation into account.

This test compares the loglikelihood of the two models. This may not be a valid test, if there is unspecified heteroscedasticity or correlation. This method will issue a warning if this is detected but still return the results without taking unspecified heteroscedasticity or correlation into account.

is the average score of the model evaluated using the residuals from null model and the regressors from the alternative model and \(S\) is the covariance of the scores, \(s_{i}\). The covariance of the scores is estimated using the same estimator as in the alternative model.


Last update: Feb 14, 2024