solve for any one parameter of the power of a two sample t-test
- for t-test the keywords are:
effect_size, nobs1, alpha, power, ratio
exactly one needs to be
None, all others need numeric values
standardized effect size, difference between the two means divided by the standard deviation. effect_size has to be positive.
number of observations of sample 1. The number of observations of sample two is ratio times the size of sample 1, i.e.
nobs2 = nobs1 * ratio
significance level, e.g. 0.05, is the probability of a type I error, that is wrong rejections if the Null Hypothesis is true.
power of the test, e.g. 0.8, is one minus the probability of a type II error. Power is the probability that the test correctly rejects the Null Hypothesis if the Alternative Hypothesis is true.
ratio of the number of observations in sample 2 relative to sample 1. see description of nobs1 The default for ratio is 1; to solve for ratio given the other arguments it has to be explicitly set to None.
str, ‘two-sided’ (
default), ‘larger’, ‘smaller’
extra argument to choose whether the power is calculated for a two-sided (default) or one sided test. The one-sided test can be either ‘larger’, ‘smaller’.
The value of the parameter that was set to None in the call. The value solves the power equation given the remaining parameters.
The function uses scipy.optimize for finding the value that satisfies the power equation. It first uses
brentqwith a prior search for bounds. If this fails to find a root,
fsolveis used. If
fsolvealso fails, then, for
brentqwith fixed bounds is used. However, there can still be cases where this fails.